Notes

Social Studies Notes:

Chapter 1 A Geographer’s World 9/3-9/7


Geography
- the study of the world, its people, and the landscapes

Landscape- all the human and physical features that make it unique

Social Science- a field that studies people and the relationship among them

Region- a part of the world that has one or more common features that distinguish it from surrounding areas

Map- a flat drawing that shows all or part of Earth’s surface

Globe- a spherical, or ball shaped model of the entire planet

Physical Geography-the study of the physical geographic features of the world

Human Geography- the study of the world's people, communities, and landscapes

Cartography- science of making maps

Meteorology- study of weather and what causes it

SECTION 2 9/10-9/14
Absolute location- a specific description of where a place is

Relative location- a general description of where a place is

Environment- an area's land, water, climate, plants and animals, and other
physical features.

Landforms- shapes on Earth's surface, such as hills or mountains

Science Notes:


Chapter 2 sec.1 9/3-9/7

Pure material is not mixed with any other matter

Ratio- tells you the relationship between two or more things Property-A characteristic that belongs to a person or thing Matter- Anything that has mass and takes up space Chemistry- the study of matter and how matter changes Substance- A single kind of matter that is pure, it always has a specific makeup

or composition

Physical property- a characteristic of a substance that can change, but the changes do not produce a new substance Chemical Property- a characteristic of a substance that describes its ability to change into different substances Chapter 2 sec.2 9/10-9/14 Weight- a measure of the force of gravity on an object Mass- the amount of matter in an object Volume- the amount of space matter occupies V=L x H x W Density- measure of the mass of a material in a given volume​
D= M / V Chapter 2 sec.3 9/10-9/14 Elements- a substance that cannot be broken down into any other substances by chemical or physical means Atom- the basic particle from which all elements are made Chemical Bond- a force of attraction between two atoms Molecule- a group of two or more atoms held together by chemical bonds Compound- another type of substance made from two or more elements that are chemically combined in a set ratio Chemical formula- represents a compound and shows the elements in the compound and the combining of ratios of their atoms Mixture- made of two or more substances that are together in the same place but their atoms are not chemically combined. Heterogeneous mixture- different parts can usually be seen and easily separated Homogeneous mixture- substances are so evenly mixed that they cannot be seen and are difficult to separate