Element project 18-19.docx   Due 9/28

Culture Collage Project.docx   Due 10/2

Social Studies Notes:

Culture- the set of beliefs, values, and practices that a group of people has in common.

culture trait- an activity or behavior in which people often take part

culture region- an area in which people have many shared cultural traits.

ethnic group- a group of people who share a common culture and ancestry

multicultural society- a society that includes a variety of cultures in the same area.

cultural diffusion- the spread of culture traits from one region to another

cultural universals- features common to all cultures

Social institutions- organized patterns of belief and behavior that focus on meeting these needs.

heritage- or the wealth of cultural elements that has been passed down over generations.

universal theme- a message about life or human nature that is meaningful across time and in all places.

Technology- the use of knowledge, tools, and skills to solve problems.

Science- way of understanding the world by observation and testing ideas.

Democracy- form of government in which the people elect leaders and rule by majority

Communism- a political system in which the government owns all aspects of life in a country.

Market economy- a system based on private ownership, free trade, and competitions

Command economy- a system in which the central government makes all economic decisions

Developing countries- countries with less than productive economies countries and lower quality of life

gross domestic product (GDP)- the value of all goods and services produced within a country in a single year

developed country-countries with strong economies and a high quality of life

Totalitarian regime-a form of government in which the political authority exercises absolute and centralized control over all aspects of life

Theocracy- Government ruled by or subject to religious authority.

Dictatorship-a country governed by a dictator that has absolute authority in any sphere

Republic-a state in which supreme power is held by the people and their elected representatives, and which has an elected or nominated president rather than a monarch

Direct Democracy- the citizens as individuals vote on issues instead of elected representatives.

Science Notes: